Classical Languages: Key points

Here are the key points about classical languages which are important for various competitive examinations.

Classical Languages

The Rajya Sabha recently approved a Bill that would have given three designated Sanskrit colleges the rank of Central colleges.

  • The Rashtriya Sanskrit Sansthan, Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri Rashtriya Sanskrit Vidyapeeth, and the Rashtriya Sanskrit Vidyapeeth in Tirupati all receive Central classification under the Central Sanskrit Universities Bill, 2019, respectively.
  • Other Indian traditional languages have been charged with being neglected by the government.

Classical Languages: Key points

  • Currently, Tamil (announced in 2004), Sanskrit (2005), Kannada (2008), Telugu (2008), Malayalam (2013), and Odia are the six Indian languages with the title “Classical.” (2014).
  • The Constitution’s Eighth Schedule contains a summary of all classical languages.
  • The rules governing classical languages are provided by the Ministry of Culture.
  • Following certain criteria, a language can be deemed “Classical”:
    • High age of its earliest writings and history as preserved over a time span of 1500–2000 years;
    • A collection of prehistoric literature or documents that have been cherished by speakers for centuries;
    • The literary heritage must be unique and uninspired by literature from another speaking group;
    • There may be a break between the classical language and its subsequent forms or offshoots because classical language and writing are different from modern.
  • The Human Resource and Development Ministry offers the following advantages to support languages once they are designated as Classical languages:
    • Two significant yearly worldwide prizes for eminent classical Indian language researchers
    • There is now a Center of Excellence for Classical Language Studies.
    • A specific number of Professional Chairs for the so-declared Classical Languages are to be created, at least in the Central Universities, by the University Grants Commission.

What are the 5 classical languages?

Six Indian languages have been designated as ancient languages: Tamil, Telugu, Sanskrit, Kannada, Malayalam, and Odia.

What are the 11 criteria for classical language?

The factors for identifying classical status are drawn from Greek and Latin literature and are not founded on any separate creation. Greek and Latin writing generally possesses the following qualities: antiquity, harmony, clarity, restraint, serenity, idealism, universality, reason, order, and humanism.

Is English a classical language?

English has a dual ancient heritage that comes from both Latin and Greek via Latin. Two blended superstrates exist in the STANDARD LANGUAGE, and their use and existence help to characterize it in some ways.

Is Tamil a classical language?

Tamil was recognized as an Indian classical language in 2004 after meeting three requirements: having ancient roots, having a distinct heritage, and having a sizable corpus of classical literature.

What are the 7 classical languages?

Tamil (declared in 2004), Sanskrit (2005), Kannada (2008), Telugu (2008), Malayalam (2013), and Odia (2014). All the Classical Languages are listed in the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution.

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Written by GKTricksIndia